Are Enzymes Halal Or Haram? Complete Guide 2023

Reviewed by: Shakira Ahmed
Fact Checked by: Shahina Islam

Are Enzymes Halal Or Haram?

Are enzymes halal: This issue has grown more important for Muslim consumers who follow stringent halal dietary regulations in today’s diversified and ever-changing food market. Enzymes are essential for food processing because they improve flavors, textures, and shelf life. 

The halal status of enzymes, however, depends on their source, preparation, and risk for contamination during production, just like it does with any food additive. 

The status of halal or haram enzymes depends on their source. The term “halal” refers to sources of enzymes that have been slain in line with Islamic law, such as microbes or animals. It is essential to consider an enzyme’s production method and source when determining whether it is halal.

The enzymes that are derived from raw materials or Haram animals are considered to be Haram. So, those enzymes are not permissible for Muslims.

The relevance of enzymes in the food industry and how they conform to Islamic dietary regulations are topics covered in this article. Let’s look at the main criteria for determining if enzymes are halal and the importance of halal certification for guaranteeing that food goods are suitable for Muslim eating.

What Is Enzymes? Are Enzymes Halal Or Haram?

Proteins called enzymes are employed to catalyze chemical reactions in a variety of businesses, including the food industry. Muslims disagree on whether or not enzymes are halal, however, as some enzymes may come from non-halal sources. Are Enzymes Halal or Haram will be discussed in this article, along with diverse points of view.

Islamic dietary laws stipulate that enzymes used in food products must come from halal sources and be disclosed on the label. If the raw materials or any other substances utilized in the growth of the microorganisms are halal, then enzymes generated from microbes during fermentation are also regarded as halal. 

Enzymes from animals, however, can raise questions because they could come from non-halal sources like pork. Therefore, it’s crucial to know where enzymes come from while choosing a diet.

The halal status of enzymes is largely determined by Islamic scholars. To evaluate whether are enzymes halal or not, they look at the source of the enzymes and the method used to create them. If an animal was killed in accordance with Islamic law, some experts may view enzymes made from it as halal. 

Others, however, would view them as non-halal because the animal might have been killed by non-Muslims or fed non-halal food.

It is normal practice to utilize enzymes in the baking of bread, and there is no fundamental reason why doing so would render the bread unhalanced. 

However, the precise enzymes utilized and their source could raise questions. The use of enzymes obtained from non-animal sources, such as pork and dead animals, is prohibited in halal baking. Other enzymes that are utilized in the production of bread may come from halal sources, such as plants or microbes, and would be regarded as halal as a result.

How Are Enzymes Used In The Production Of Cheese?

Are Enzymes Halal

Cheese production depends heavily on enzymes. Enzymes are employed in the production of cheese in the following ways:

  1. Milk-clotting enzymes (rennet): The active enzyme chymosin is present in the mixture known as rennet. To cause the casein proteins in milk to coagulate and form a curd, it is added. The curds and whey are separated from this curd by cutting it and draining it.
  1. Lipase enzymes: Cheese’s flavor is improved by the application of lipases. They convert fats into fatty acids, which help give different kinds of cheese their distinct flavors.
  2. Non-coagulant proteases: The texture and flavor of cheese are changed by these enzymes. They result in softer and more spreadable cheeses by dissolving proteins into smaller peptides.
  1. Lactases: The milk sugar lactose is hydrolyzed into glucose and galactose by lactase enzymes. For those with lactose intolerance, this method is used to manufacture lactose-free or low-lactose cheeses.
  1. Lysozyme: An enzyme called lysozyme is added to cheese as a preservative. It prolongs the cheese’s shelf life by assisting in the inhibition of the growth of specific microorganisms.
  1. Transglutaminase: An enzyme called transglutaminase is used to make cheese more cohesive and have a better texture. It contributes to the texture of processed cheese products being smoother and more cohesive.

Also, read:

Is Gelatine Halal Or Haram?

Is Kosher Gelatin And Beef Gelatin Halal Or Haram?

List Of The Best Halal And Haram Cheeses

What Is The Difference Between Halal And Haram Enzymes?

The difference between halal and haram enzymes lies in their sources and the process by which they are obtained. Here are the key distinctions:

Halal Enzymes:

  1. Sourced from halal materials: Enzymes that are labeled “halal” come from materials that comply with Islamic dietary regulations. This also applies to enzymes produced by microorganisms during fermentation, provided that the nutrients and other components utilized to support their growth are halal.
  2. Slaughtered animals: Animal enzymes that come from creatures that were killed in accordance with Shariah regulations can be regarded as halal.
  3. Plant-based enzymes: Plant-based enzymes are typically regarded as halal.

Haram Enzymes:

  1. Derived from haram sources: Enzymes that are considered haram come from substances that are forbidden by Islamic dietary regulations. This includes enzymes made from non-halal materials like pork or cadavers.
  2. Animal-based enzymes from haram animals: Enzymes originating from haram animals, such as pigs, would fall under this category.

Frequently Asked Questions

1. Why are enzymes not halal?

Enzymes produced from non-halal sources, such as pigs or animals not killed according to halal standards, are regarded as haram. For instance, pepsin made from pigs is prohibited by Islam.

2. Is enzyme halal in cheese?

Rennet is an enzyme that comes from the stomach of young calves and is used to make cheese. The rennet is regarded as halal if the calf was slaughtered in accordance with Islamic laws.

3. Are enzymes vegan?

There are vegan digestive enzyme supplements on the market that are made exclusively for people who live a vegan lifestyle. These supplements include plant-based enzymes that aid in the optimum digestion of proteins, carbs, lipids, and other nutrients.


In conclusion, the answer to whether are enzymes halal or haram can only be figured on the basis of their sourcing. Not only that, it shall also include the manner of their extraction and the possibility of cross-contamination. 

Muslim consumers can normally consume enzymes that are made using halal methods and obtained from halal sources. For Muslim consumers, halal certification offers an extra layer of trust and makes it simpler for them to recognize items that adhere to halal standards.

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