List of Halal Or Haram Seafood (Shrimp, Crab, Lobster & More)

Reviewed by: Shakira Ahmed
Fact Checked by: Shahina Islam

List of Halal Or Haram Seafoods
List of Halal Or Haram Seafood

Are you looking for a list of halal or haram seafood? Search no more. We have prepared a list of halal seafood(shrimp, crab, lobster & more) with full care and justification to meet your religious needs. Whether you are a seafood enthusiast or just want seafood for a special occasion, halal seafood is the right choice.

The Islamic religion has long held a relationship with food, with the Quran providing guidance and rules on the types of food that are permissible. 

Halal Or Haram Seafood: Specifically, it is important to understand what seafood is halal and what is haram in Islam. Many people are unaware of which marine organisms are deemed acceptable for consumption according to Islamic beliefs. 

This article will provide an overview of the list of halal seafood, provide details about each type of seafood’s status in Islam, and discuss why some forms may be seen as haram. 

By understanding this information, Muslims can make informed decisions about which foods they should consume and which they should avoid. 

Allah says

“… And does not kill yourselves (nor kill one another). Surely, Allah is Most Merciful to you.” [al-Nisa 4:29] and: “… and do not throw yourselves into destruction…”

[al-Baqarah 2:195]

Shrimp, crab, lobster, and other shellfish are all considered halal seafood by most Islamic authorities. On the other hand crocodiles, frogs, otters, and turtles are all haram seafood items.

The seafood must meet certain criteria for it to be deemed halal. the seafood must be killed in a humane manner and must not contain any haram seafood or other haram elements.

As explained in Sahih al-Jami

‘Abd al-Rahman ibn ‘Uthman, who said that the Messenger of Allah (peace and blessings of Allah be upon him) forbade the killing of frogs.

(Narrated by Imam Ahmad and Ibn Majah)

As seafood is often caught in the wild, it is important to ensure that no haram seafood was unintentionally consumed during the process of catching and preparing it.

Are All Sea Animals And Plants Halal In Islam?

No, not all seafood is halal in Islam. While seafood such as shrimp, crab, and lobster are generally considered to be halal seafood items, some seafood items may contain haram elements or have been killed in an improper manner.

It is important for Muslims to check their seafood before consuming it to ensure that it meets the criteria of halal seafood.

The Quran mentions several types of halal seafood that are permissible for consumption. These include

  • Fish with scales (i.e., mackerel and salmon)
  • Shellfish with shells that open or close (i.e., mussels and oysters)
  • Crustaceans with two jointed claws (i.e., crabs and lobsters)
  • Mollusks without shells (i.e., squid and octopus)
  • Aquatic plants (i.e., seaweed).

The seafood must also not be contaminated with haram seafood or other haram elements.

Quran’s Guidance about Eating Seafood?

Quran’s Guidance about Eating Seafood?
Quran’s Guidance about Eating Seafood

The Quran mentions seafood as permissible food in several passages. For example,

Surah al-Maidah 5:96 states:

“Lawful to you is the pursuit of water game and its use for food – for the benefit of yourselves and those who travel.”

The Quran provides general guidance on whether or not sea animals and plants are considered halal in Islam. All aquatic creatures that have scales, possess fins, and breathe through gills can be consumed according to Islamic law.

Fish such as salmon, tuna, mackerel, cod, haddock, carp, flounder, perch, pollock, and sardines all fall into this category. Shellfish such as shrimp, crab, lobster, and calamari can also be eaten provided they meet the criteria laid out by the Islamic faith.

Read also:

Is Shark Halal Or Haram? Exploring The Islamic Perspective

Is Shrimp Halal Or Haram? Everything You Should Know

What Seafoods Are Haram In Islam?

Not all seafood is permissible for consumption according to Islamic law. Some seafood items are haram and should not be consumed by Muslims. These include

  • Crocodiles and other reptiles
  • Frogs
  • Otters and other mammals
  • Turtles and tortoises
  • Sea snakes, jellyfish, and starfish
  • Octopuses and squids
  • Certain seafood items that contain haram elements such as pork, alcohol, or fish without scales.

List Of The Halal Or Haram Seafood

Halal Or Haram Seafood: It is important for Muslims to be aware of which seafood items are considered halal and which are haram so that they can make informed decisions about what seafood they should consume.

Is Shrimp Halal?

one of the halal or haram seafood shrimp

One of the halal or haram seafood shrimp that many people wonder about when it comes to halal status. Fortunately, shrimp is halal in Islam as long as it has been killed in accordance with Islamic guidelines.

This means that shrimp should not be consumed if it was still alive when taken from its habitat or if it died on its own without being killed properly. 

Is Crab Halal?

is crab haram or halal

Halal Or Haram Seafood: Crab is another popular type of seafood that is widely eaten all over the world. In Islam, a crab is also considered halal as long as it has been slaughtered properly according to Islamic law.

It’s important to make sure that the crab was killed quickly with a sharp knife so that it does not suffer unnecessarily before dying. 

Is Lobster Halal?

is lobster halal or haram

Lobster is yet another type of seafood that may cause confusion when determining its halal status in Islam. While lobster can be eaten by Muslims, there are certain rules which must be followed in order for lobster to be considered halal.

The lobster must have been alive when taken from its habitat and must have been killed quickly by cutting off its head or splitting open its body before cooking or consuming it.  

Is Octopus Halal?

is octopus haram or halal

Octopus is a questionable seafood and is often denied to be halal. Octopus should never be eaten if it was found dead in its natural habitat – instead, Muslim followers should make sure to avoid it anyway.

Mawlana Faraz ibn Adam when asked if octopus, prawns, mussels, and squid are halal. He prompted the response by saying:

Mussels, squid, and octopus do not have all the features of fish; therefore they will not be regarded as fish. Hence, it is not permissible to eat mussels, squid, and octopus in the Hanafī school of jurisprudence.

Is Calamari Halal?

is calamari halal or haram

Calamari (squid) is a popular type of seafood consumed all around the world but some people may be unsure about whether this food item can be classified as being halal or haram according to Islamic teachings.

Calamari can actually be considered permissible in Islam provided that the squid has been killed using a sharp instrument such as a knife while still alive prior to being cooked or consumed. 

Note: Not many Shia Muslims consider calamari halal.

Is Catfish Halal?

is cat fish haram or halal

Catfish is yet another common type of seafood that falls into a grey area regarding its status under Islamic laws and regulations related to eating habits and dietary restrictions.

Generally speaking, catfish should only be consumed if they were killed using a sharp instrument while they were still alive otherwise they should not be eaten since they would then fall into the category of animals that die naturally without proper slaughtering techniques (haram). 

Is Eel Halal?

is eel halal or haram

Halal Or Haram Seafood: Eels are often enjoyed by people who love eating different types of fish but like other aquatic creatures, eels are also subject to specific rules regarding their slaughtering methods for them to qualify as being permissible for consumption among Muslims following Islamic teachings about dietary restrictions and restrictions on animal proteins derived from living organisms (halal).

Eels must have been killed quickly by cutting off their heads before cooking or consuming them otherwise they could fall into the category of forbidden foods (haram). 

Are Oysters Halal?

is oysters halal or haram

Oysters are one last type of seafood that people may find themselves questioning when trying to determine whether they are allowed under religious guidelines such as those observed by Muslims who follow traditional teachings associated with Islamic law related to diet and eating habits.

Oysters can generally qualify as being permissible foods under these conditions provided that they were harvested alive and allowed an immediate death through swift slaughtering techniques such as cutting off their heads prior to cooking or consuming them otherwise they might fall into the category of haram foods. 

Is Salmon Halal?

is salmon halal or haram

For salmon to qualify as halal, the fish must have been alive when taken from its habitat and killed quickly by cutting off its head or splitting open its body before being cooked or consumed. It’s important to note that farmed salmon, which is commonly available in supermarkets, may not qualify as halal due to concerns about how the fish is raised and fed.

Therefore, it’s best to consult your local seafood specialist or halal certifying body when purchasing seafood items such as salmon for consumption.   


Halal Or Haram Seafood: Finally concluding our List of halal or haram seafood (Shrimp, Crab, Lobster & More), it can be said that the vast majority of marine creatures do indeed fall within the boundaries set forth by Islamic tradition.

However special care should always be taken when preparing or purchasing seafood so that one can remain confident that what they eat is truly permissible according to Muslim laws and customs. 

Also Read:

Is Subway Tuna Halal or Haram? A Complete Guide for Muslim Community

Is Calamari Halal Or Haram? All You Need To Know In 2023

Leave a Comment