Is Fish Halal Or Haram? Facts With Proof In 2023

Reviewed by: Shakira Ahmed
Fact Checked by: Shahina Islam

Is Fish Halal Or Haram

Is Fish Halal? Seafood and its variety are standard cuisines to order while you are out at some restaurant with your friends, is fish halal or haram raises common concern among citizens. Fish is typically regarded as halal or acceptable to consume in accordance with Islamic dietary guidelines. 

The Qur'an declares that what you take from the sea and utilize as food for both yourself and the travelers is lawful to you. Accordingly, based on Qur'anic verse 5:96, all seafood, including fish, is permissible for halal consumption. 

However, there are a few exceptions to this generalization. For instance, some Shia scholars claim that only a certain group of edible aquatic crustaceans, such as prawns but not crabs, are halal. Additionally, because they lack blood, aquatic animals without scales like mussels are not allowed to be consumed. 

The fact that farmed seafood might have been fed pork or other impure animal byproducts could make them ineligible according to Halal criteria. In order to verify that seafood is both safe to consume and adheres to Halal requirements, it is advised to look for Halal-certified fish. 

In this post, we’ll talk about how while the idea of halal is well-known, the precise laws governing seafood, especially fish, may need more investigation. Let’s explore the complexities of assessing the halal status of fish while taking into account both traditional values and modern viewpoints. 

What Types Of Fish Are Halal Or Haram?

Fish’s halal certification results from the special qualities and properties ascribed to them. Fish dwell in water, which according to Islamic belief is purifying. Is Fish Halal? The consensus on fish scales comes from a Hadith that reads: 

“Fish and locusts are the two sorts of dead flesh that have been declared legal for food, while the liver and spleen are the two types of blood.” 

Because they lack blood, marine species without scales like shellfish are not suitable for consumption. Since prawns are a type of fish with scales, it is regarded as being acceptable. 

Other than some edible aquatic crustaceans (shrimps but not crabs), some Shia scholars claim that no other aquatic animals are halal. Additionally, according to halakha, some fish, like grass carp, mirror carp, and salmon, are considered to be both halal and kosher by Jews and Ja’fari Shia Muslims, respectively. Sharks, sturgeon, and swordfish are examples of fish that aren’t kosher or halal. 

What Does It Mean In Islam For Fish To Have Scales? 

Fish with scales are significant in Islam since they are one of the requirements for evaluating whether a fish is halal or not. According to the Qur’an, every kind of fish having scales is regarded as halal and is hence acceptable. 

Accordingly, Muslims are permitted to consume fish with scales, such as salmon, tuna, and cod, but not fish without scales, such as catfish and eels. Is Fish Halal? It is believed that fish with scales are considered to be cleaner and healthier to consume than fish without scales, despite the fact that this is not clearly stated in Islamic texts. 

In addition, some Islamic scholars think that the fish’s scales serve as a barrier against poisonous chemicals in the water, making them safer to consume. It is significant to note that the prohibition on eating fish with scales only applies to fish, not to other aquatic animals like shellfish, which have different standards for whether or not they are halal. 

What Aquatic Animals Are Haram In Islam?

There are some aquatic species that are specifically regarded by Muslims as haram (forbidden) to consume. These prohibitions are derived from the Quran and the Hadith, which are the sayings and acts of the Prophet Muhammad (peace be upon him). 

Crustaceans

Is Crustaceans halal

The classification of crustaceans, which includes animals like crabs, lobsters, and prawns, is controversial among Islamic scholars. Because they lack scales, some academics view them as haram, while others claim that eating them is acceptable. For clarity, it is best to consult qualified academics or turn to trustworthy halal certification organizations. 

Shellfish

Is Shellfish halal

Because they filter-feed and may contain impurities, mollusks and bivalves like clams, oysters, and mussels are typically regarded as haram by the majority of Islamic scholars. 

Eels and Octopuses

Is Eels and Octopuses halal

In general, eels and octopuses are likewise regarded as haram due to their lack of scales and other distinctive traits. 

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Frequently Asked Questions

1. What Type Of Fish Is Not Halal?

All marine life with scales is halal according to Islamic dietary regulations, although some seafood without scales is not. Fish without scales are forbidden, including eels, sharks, and catfish. 

2. Is Fish Certified Halal?

Fish may indeed be halal-certified. Halal fish refers to seafood produced or reared in compliance with Islamic law. 

3. Can Muslims Have Sushi?

Muslims can eat sushi, however, it depends on the types of ingredients that are utilized. A variety of fish, vegetables, and fruits are combined with vinegared rice to make sushi, a traditional Japanese dish. 

Conclusion

Is Fish Halal? So, Is fish halal? Yes, it is. Muslims continue to value and accept fish as a staple cuisine since it is halal. Islamic dietary laws recognize that fish’s special qualities—such as living in water and having scales—make them acceptable for food.

Muslims are advised to seek advice from knowledgeable scholars and rely on trustworthy halal certification organizations to ensure their dietary choices are in line with their religious beliefs, even though difficulties and controversies exist regarding other types of seafood and potential cross-contamination issues. 

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