Is Adoption Haram or Halal In Islam? Islamic Adoption Method

Reviewed by: Shakira Ahmed
Fact Checked by: Shahina Islam

Is Adoption Haram Or Halal?

Is Adoption Haram? Adoption is a socially and legally accepted practice in many countries, Although it is not a part of Islamic law many Muslims still question, whether Is Adoption Haram or Halal in Islam. 

To address our audience with a clear picture of the subject we researched to sort out some points, keep reading the article to know more about it.

Is Adoption Haram Or Halal?

Is Adoption Haram? In Islam, adoption is considered haram (forbidden) because the Quran states that children should be raised within their biological families. 

According to various hadith (sayings) of the Prophet Muhammad (peace be upon him), adoption is discouraged because it can lead to confusion about lineage and inheritance. Although Islam encourages Muslims to shelter children in need, adoption is not the same as guardianship.

In Islam adoption is seen differently than in other societies where an adopted child becomes part of the family by law with all rights and privileges. In Islamic terms, adoption is discouraged because it does not result in any special legal status or rights for the adopted child.

However, adoption is allowed if it does not confuse the child’s lineage. For example, adoption may be allowed in cases where the adopted person is already an adult and can make his or her own decisions.

If adoption is sought for emotional needs, Islam encourages Muslims to focus on charity instead of adoption. Muslims are encouraged to look after orphans by providing them with shelter, food, and clothing. Muslims can also offer emotional support to orphans by providing guidance and education.

Why Is Adoption Haram In Islam?

Is Adoption Haram: The concept of adoption, as we understand it today, was not part of the Arabian culture during the time of the Prophet Muhammad (peace be upon him).

Key reasons why Islam forbids adoption:

1. Adoption has no Islamic history and hence is not provided as part of Islamic laws.

2. Adoption could lead to confusion about the inheritance of the family heritage.

3. Adopting a child should not be used as a way to bypass inheritance issues or guarantee the adoption of a particular child.

4. Adoption causes disputes regarding legitimacy and lineage.

5. Adoption is seen as a way to replace the child’s biological parents, which goes against the teachings of Islam.

However, there have been certain instances where people have adopted children to raise them as their own.

One example is the story of Zaynab bint Jahsh, who was adopted by her maternal aunt Khadijah when she was young. Another example is the Prophet Muhammad’s daughter Fatimah, who adopted her nephew Ali ibn Abi Talib after his father’s death. 

Although adoption is not forbidden in Islam, certain restrictions and guidelines must be followed. Adoption is only allowed if the child’s lineage is not confused. The adoption should also include a formal adoption contract that outlines the responsibilities of both parties.

Furthermore, adoption should not be used as a way to bypass inheritance issues or to guarantee the adoption of a particular child. Adoption should only be considered if it is in the best interest of the child and provides them with a secure, loving home.

What Say Fatwa About Adopting A Child?

A fatwa is a religious ruling given by an eligible Muslim scholar in response to a specific question. It is based on Islamic law and is meant to guide Muslims in matters of faith and everyday life. A fatwa is not legally binding but rather serves as an opinion or advice on a particular issue.

Adopting A Child in Islam

Is Adoption Haram: The consensus among scholars is that adoption is allowed in Islam, provided that certain conditions are met. For example, the adopted child must be raised by Islamic values, and the adoptive parents must not have any rights or obligations over the child that are not allowed in Islam.

Furthermore, the child must not be deprived of any of his or her rights, including inheritance, as a result of the adoption.

It is important to note that the adopted child must keep his or her biological parents’ name, and must not be given the adoptive parent’s name.

This is to ensure that the rights of the biological parents are not violated and that the adopted child is not deprived of his or her rightful inheritance.

Reasons For Adopting A Child

Adopting a child can be an incredibly rewarding experience, providing an orphan with a loving home and a sense of security.

There are many reasons to consider adoption, and understanding the process is key to making the right decision. Here are two of the main reasons to consider adoption.

1. Caring For An Orphan

Providing care for an orphan is a noble pursuit, as these children may not have the same opportunities as other children.

With adoption, you can help provide an orphan with a safe and secure home, as well as access to education, healthcare, and other resources. Additionally, you can give an orphan a sense of family and belonging by providing them with a loving home.

2. Providing A Loving Home

Adopting a child can be an incredibly rewarding experience and you can feel a deep sense of satisfaction in providing a loving home for a child in need.

Adoption can also be a rewarding way to grow your own family, as you can provide a child with the same love, care, and support you would give to any other family member. Additionally, you can provide a child with a sense of stability and security by giving them a loving and permanent home.

Islamic Guidelines For Adopting A Child

Adoption is a noble act and is encouraged in Islam but with certain guidelines. This article will discuss the Islamic requirements, rights, and responsibilities of adopting a child.

1. Requirements Of Adopting A Child

The following requirements should be met for an adoption to be considered valid in Islam:

  • The Child Must Be An Orphan Or Must Come From A Family In Financial Need.
  • The Child Must Not Be A Muslim If The Adoptive Parents Are Muslim.
  • The Child Must Be Treated With Kindness And Respect.

It should also be noted that the adoptive parents should have the financial means to support the child.

2. Rights Of Adopted Children

Adopted children have the same rights as biological children, including the right to inheritance, education, and financial support. Adopted children should also be treated with the same love and respect as biological children.

3. Responsibilities Of Adoptive Parents

Adoptive parents have the responsibility to provide a loving and supportive home to their adopted child. This includes providing the child with basic necessities such as food, clothing, and shelter, as well as emotional support and guidance. Adoptive parents should also help their child to develop their potential and reach their goals.

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What Hadith In Quran Explains Adopting Child Haram?

One hadith in the Quran that speaks directly to adoption is narrated by Abu Hurayrah:

“He who adopts a child and makes him his own is like one who plucks out his eye and makes it part of his face.”

This particular hadith is used to explain why adoption is considered haram in Islam.

Islamic scholars maintain that adoption should be avoided for religious reasons. The Quran forbids anyone from claiming someone else’s child as their own in verse 33:4-5:

“God has not made for any man two hearts within him; nor has He made your wives whom you declare forbidden your mothers; nor has He made your adopted sons your real sons . . .”

This verse indicates that a person cannot claim an adopted child as his or her own son or daughter, which would create confusion about lineages and inheritance rights. 

Additionally, some believe that adoption can lead to psychological problems in children due to feelings of abandonment or rejection by their birth parents. 

What Kind Of Adopting Is Allowed In Islam?

Is Adoption Haram Or Halal?
Is Adoption Haram

Islam does not forbid adoption completely but does place restrictions on it. The Islamic method of adoption is known as kafala and is based on the Quran verse 4:3 which states,

“And if you fear that you cannot do justice to orphans, then marry such women as seem good to you, two or three or four; but if you fear that you will not do justice (between them), then only one.”

This verse indicates that adoption should only be considered when it is in the best interests of the child and provides them with a secure, loving home. Under kafala, an adoption process is established whereby an adult guardian takes care of the adopted child. 

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Is Adoption Allowed or Haram? Islamic Method Of Adopting

The guardian is responsible for the adoption, financial security, and upbringing of the child until they reach maturity.

  • The Islamic adoption Process Follows Certain Guidelines To Ensure That A Fair Adoption Takes place
  • The Adopted Child’s Biological Parents Must Give Their Consent Before Adoption Can Take Place.
  • The Adoptive Parent Must Be Of Good Character And Be Able To Financially Support The Child.
  • The Adoption Must Be Announced Publicly In Order To Ensure That There Is No Confusion About Lineage Or Inheritance Rights.
  • Adoption Should Not Be Used As A Way To Bypass Inheritance Issues Or Guarantee The Adoption Of A Particular Child.

Did Our Prophet Adopt Any Child?

Yes, our Prophet Muhammad did adopt a child. His adopted son’s name was Zayd ibn Harithah, and he became one of the most beloved people in his life. 

After adoption, Zayd was known as “Zayd ibn Muhammad” and the Prophet treated him just like any of his own children.

This adoption is an example of the Islamic adoption process that is outlined in the Quran. However, it should be noted that adoption was not a common practice in those days and this adoption was meant to show compassion for an orphaned child.

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Is Adopting Illegitememnt Child Haram In Islam?

Adopting an illegitimate child is haram in Islam and should be avoided. Legally, the adoption of such a child can have serious consequences including questions about the authenticity of lineage and inheritance rights.

Additionally, the adoption of an illegitimate child could lead to psychological problems due to feelings of abandonment or rejection by their birth parents.

Is Adoption Haram

Frequently Asked Questions

Q1. Is It Halal To Adopt A Child In Islam?

It is not halal to adopt a child in Islam. The adoption of a child is considered haram (forbidden) according to Islamic law because it could lead to confusion about lineages and inheritance rights. Islamic scholars maintain that adoption should be avoided for religious reasons.

Q2. Is Adoption Allowed In Islam?

Adoption is not allowed in Islam, however, there is an Islamic adoption process known as kafala. This adoption process follows certain guidelines to ensure that a fair adoption takes place, such as the adoption only taking place if it is in the best interests of the child and with consent from both biological parents.

Q3. Is It Haram To Give A Baby Up For Adoption?

Giving a baby up for adoption is considered haram (forbidden) in Islam. Adoption can lead to confusion about lineage and inheritance rights, which could be damaging for both the child and parents.

Furthermore, adoption could lead to psychological problems due to feelings of abandonment or rejection by their birth parents.

Conclusion

Is Adoption Haram? Given all this information, the answer to whether is adoption haram or allowed in Islam should be clear. Also why Muslims are encouraged to seek alternative solutions such as kafala instead?

Although there are exceptions where people have chosen to adopt out of love for an orphaned or abandoned child, this does not replace Islamic teachings on parenting which emphasize the importance of natural parental relationships between biological families whenever possible.

Ultimately, it is important for Muslims to seek knowledge from religious scholars before making decisions about what course of action will best suit their particular situation when it comes to parenting orphans or abandoned children in Islam.

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