Is It Haram To Have A Dog? Full Information

Reviewed by: Shakira Ahmed
Fact Checked by: Shahina Islam

Is It Haram To Have A Dog?

Is It Haram To Have A Dog? If you want to know if is it haram to have a dog then you are in the right place here you will get the complete detail about whether it is haram or halal to have a dog so read this full article to know more.

Is It Haram to Have a Dog? We understand how surprising it could be for an animal lover to find out about dogs being forbidden as pets in Islam. However, before realizing any vague conclusion read this blog post to know all the details.

Is It Haram To Have A Dog?

Is It Haram To Have A Dog? In Muslim cultures, dogs have a mixed history of being both revered and seen as unclean creatures. According to Islamic law, dogs are traditionally considered haram (forbidden), since contact with dogs is believed to be impure. This belief stems from the fact that dogs may carry diseases and cause harm in some instances.

Quoting in reference to the debate of whether to keep dogs or not-

Abu Hurayrah (may Allah be pleased with him) rephrased the Prophet’s (peace and blessings of Allah be upon him) words as:

“Whoever keeps a dog, except a dog for herding, hunting, or farming, one qirat will be deducted from his reward each day.” 

-Narrated by Muslim, 1575.

From the hadith, it can be concluded that Islams prohibits Muslims from keeping dogs as pets as it shall account for the punishment of deduction of one or two qirats from his/her hasanat i.e. good deeds of each day.

Is It Haram To Have A Dog? As explained the only exception for the case implies dogs kept for hunting, guarding crops, and protection. Despite dogs being seen as haram, there is some debate on the matter.

For example, dogs are used for a variety of positive purposes such as sniffing out explosives or assisting the disabled. Additionally, dogs can also serve as guard dogs to protect property and people from harm.

Many Islamic scholars agree that dogs should not be kept in homes even if they serve a purpose, as dogs can become emotionally attached to their owners and be difficult to part with.

Those who wish to keep dogs for utilitarian purposes should take all necessary precautions such as frequent washing and hygiene, as dogs are known to have parasites that may cause harm if not handled properly.

May it be clear that it is up to each individual to decide whether dogs are haram or permissible in their own home? Is It Haram To Have A Dog? As long as dogs are treated with respect and all necessary precautions are taken, dogs can be a great companion for those looking for an animal friend.

Ultimately, it is important to consider Islamic teachings closely before deciding whether dogs should be kept in the home.

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What Does The Holy Quran Say?

The Quran does not expressly forbid keeping dogs as pets. However, there are several passages that suggest dogs should be respected and kept away from sacred sites and rituals. 

For example, in Surah 5:4, 

Allah says: “They ask you what is lawful for them (as food). Say: “Lawful unto you are all things good and pure…”

This implies dogs should not be harmed or kept away from what is deemed to be “good and pure”. In addition, the Quran also mentions dogs in a positive light, such as in Surah 18:18:

 “And thou wouldst have deemed them wakeful, whilst they were asleep. And We turned them on their right and their left sides, and their dog stretching forth his two forelegs at the threshold.”

This implies dogs should be respected and not viewed as something impure.

Why And What Types Of Dogs Are Haram?

It is important to note that dogs are not haram (forbidden) in Islam. Rather, it is contact with dogs that is haram in some contexts. This means dogs should only be kept for utilitarian purposes and not as pets.

Two Qirats deductions are specified as punishment for keeping a dog as a pet but there is another narration that signifies only one qirat for certain types of dogs. In this section, we shall further elaborate on the subject of how many qirats will be deduced as directed by the Holy Quran.

Is It Haram To Have A Dog? Scholars believe in the colliding perceptions of one or two qirats can be briefed from Al-Hafiz al-Ayni’s (may Allah have mercy on him) narration where he explained what types of dogs lead to qirat deduction.

Conclusions made from his sentencing can be deduced in points as:

  1. One qirat deduction could be for ones that are less harmful than other types of dogs.
  2. Two qirats apply for dogs as pets in cities and villages while one qirat applies to countryside regions.

Why Can’t Muslims Have A Dog But a Cat?

Why Can't Muslims Have A Dog But a Cat?

Cats are not haram in Islam, so Muslims can keep cats as pets. The reason dogs may be seen as haram is that they are more prone to causing harm and physical contact than cats are.

Cats can also provide companionship and serve utilitarian purposes such as hunting vermin, making them a less controversial choice for pet owners. There are even beliefs about Prophet having a pet cat and rabbits.

A hadith from Prophet Muhammad states that “A man saw a cat eating the food of a sheep which he had with him, so he took hold of it and said: I bought this sheep for four dirhams and this cat has eaten some of its food; should I not kill it? 

The Messenger of Allah (peace and blessings of Allah be upon him) said: 

“It is not yours; let it go”.

This hadith shows the importance of respecting animals in Islam and how cats should not be harmed or killed. It also serves as a reminder that all creatures are seen as important in Islamic teachings, regardless of whether they are dogs or cats.

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Frequently Asked Questions

1. Does touching or kissing a dog require purification?

Ans- Islamically, it is not necessary to purify oneself after touching dogs. However, Muslims are advised to maintain their hygiene and wash their hands after contact with dogs. As long as dogs are kept clean and treated with respect, there should be no cause for concern with regard to purity in Islam.

2. Are dogs allowed in the mosque?

Ans- No, dogs are not allowed in the mosque. This is due to their status as impure and unclean animals according to Islamic teachings, meaning they should not be brought into a place of worship.

3. Is owning a guard dog permissible?

Ans- Yes, it is permissible to own guard dogs for security purposes. The dogs should be trained for protection, and not kept as a pet or for any other purpose. This is in accordance with the tradition of Prophet Muhammad, who had dogs in his service to guard the sheep he owned.

4. What pets are allowed in Islam?

Ans- Islamically, it is permissible to keep cats as pets. Other animals that are allowed include birds such as parrots, fish, and turtles. As long as the animal is treated with respect and kept clean, Islam allows for the keeping of these types of pets.


So, Is It Haram to Have a Dog? We hope this article included everything you need to know to answer your this query. Remember Islam does not forbid dogs in general. Islam encourages respect for animals, so if you do own a dog or other animal, it should be treated with love and kindness.

The subject of haram and halal is a complicated one and can only be understood through research and study of Islamic teachings. Ultimately, each Muslim should consult their own religious authority to determine the right course of action.

This article has provided some general guidelines on dogs in Islam, but it is important to remember that these are only general guidelines and should not be taken as absolute rulings. Every situation and context is different, so it is necessary for each individual to study Islamic teachings thoroughly before making decisions about dogs.

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